Poczta Polska, the Polish postal service, was founded in 1558 and postal markings were first introduced in 1764. New postcards will be added every week. The first American picture postcard was designed in 1873 by the Morgan Envelope Factory, located in Springfield, Massachusetts. The history of postcards presented on the linked pages is broken into seven periods; each representing a time influenced by a very particular set of surrounding circumstances that enabled it to produce its own distinguishable type of cards. Photomontage (superimposition of photographs) and the combination of drawing and photography were introduced for postcards. Until the middle of the 19 th century, people around the world mailed messages to each other via the privacy of sealed letters. Until 1898 privately printed souvenir cards required a two-cent stamp (double the amount of the government card) if they bore a message. Postcards’ Golden Age. It is believed he created and mailed the card as a joke to the post office, as the design he painted on it was a caricature of postal workers in a post office. Donald McGill was king of the saucy postcard synonymous with the British seaside. Most postcards are instantly recognizable because of their rectangular shape and thick card stock paper, which is made for writing and mailing something without an envelope. The direct ancestor seems to be the envelopes printed with pictures on them. Things were changing in terms of the appearance of postcards. The first advertising card appeared in 1872 in England. It is said that the first postal card was recommended by Dr. Emanuel Herrmann, in 1869, and wasaccepted by the Hungarian government in the same year and then firstprinted card in 1870, a historical card, produced in association withthe Franco-German War. Copies of all these books can be freely consulted from open shelves at the Explore History Centre at IWM London. This is because picture postcards were sometimes sent across national borders, and the nations to which the cards were sent sometimes had differing laws from the countries where the cards originated, concerning what images could be printed on them. Germany, Switzerland, and Great Britain followed Austria’s example in supplying postcards through the post offices. Each era was marked by a change in laws or printing methods associated with postcard production. That year, Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act, which allowed any private printer or publisher to issue their own postcards. Later that same year, pre-stamped postcards, called “penny postcards” were introduced to the market by U.S. Post Master John Creswell. Made in USA. The postcard made its way to the United States in 1848, with the sending of a card depicting printed advertising. But McGill's success attracted the attention of censors, and in 1954 he was prosecuted for obscenity. This first postcard is now in the hands of a private collector, having sold at auction in 2002 for £31,750. The modern postcard—image on the front with a split back for both address and message—came about in 1907 through the work of the Universal Postal Union, a special agency of the United Nations which coordinates postal policies among member nations. Postcard History is a free online magazine dedicated to vintage and historic picture postcards and the many stories associated with them.. We feature richly illustrated articles designed to both inform and entertain postcard collectors and history buffs. The postal services in the areas occupied by Germany and Austria were absorbed into those countries' postal services. This makes it fairly easy to use postcard history to determine a vintage postcard’s date. This was a training camp for soldiers who were participating in the Franco-Prussian War. A couple of years ago Visit Fylde Coast … In 1871, the first picture postcard that was used as a souvenir (and not as a letter home from soldiers) was sent from Vienna, Austria. They use general features of the card to assign it to a period. There are postcards from that time period showing such historic things as the brand new Eiffel Tower. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Postcard image of the Travel Building at the Century of Progress Exposition, Chicago, 1933–34. The address had to go on the back of the card. The Golden Age of Postcards as defined here actually spans two sections dating from 1898 to 1913. Till the Boys Come Home: The Picture Postcards of the First World War,Holt, Toni and Valmai Holt London 1977: Macdonald and Jane's. Prior to postcards came the lithograph print, woodcuts and broadsides. Of course, there are novelty exceptions to the shape and material with postcards, but the standard postcard type remains the same. They had to be labeled as “souvenir cards” or “private mailing cards.” This rule was revoked in 1901, and anyone could call their mailing card product a postcard. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/postcard, Smithsonian Institution Archives - Postcard History. The best known is perhaps that of Léon Besnardeau of Sillé-le-Guillaume, near Le Mans, France, who devised a card for Breton soldiers during the Franco-German War. Saucy postcard disapproved by Blackpool Postcard Censorship Board. I enjoy collecting postcards as a way to inspire my own adventures. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. TheHeligoland card of 1889 is considered the first multi-colored card ever printed. The History of Postcards Pre-Postcard Era, 1840 - 1869 Due to government postal regulations, postcards were a long time in developing. The grandsons of J.C. Hall now lead the Hallmark business. The introduction of postcards and any changes that occurred with vintage postcards was regulated by law. Check out our history of postcards selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade pieces from our shops. In 1907, the rule was changed to allow a divided back of the card, where both writing and an address could go. The history of the postcard is an oft-overlooked, but intriguing thing. The History of Maine's Small Towns, Captured in Postcards That might sound strange, but postcards were a big deal in the early 1900s, and at the time, new technology allowed an army of camera-toting salesmen to turn them into a good living as well as, later, a historical archive. This item: A History of Postcards: A Pictorial Record from the Turn of the Century to the Present Day by Martin Willoughby Hardcover $15.95 Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Various claims to the invention of the picture postcard have been made. Between 1916 and1930, white border postcards were common. There were originally two sizes of card offered, but the larger one was found to be too challenging to handle by postal workers and was soon discontinued. The British buff and violet cards, imprinted with the halfpenny stamp, were issued in October 1870 and sold 76 million in the first year. Cards with pictures of the Eiffel Towerin 1889 & 1890 gave the … While picture postcards became popular in a wide variety of places during this time, a particular type of picture postcard from this era was distinguished from the others by being called “French postcards.”. Great Britain was slower than its continental neighbours to latch on to the possibilities of picture postcards, and it was 1894 before the Post Office gave the green light to their private publication for … In these early years Longreach grew and developed rapidly. Lipman sold postcards with decorated borders, but no images, and labeled them “Lipman’s postal card.”. Made in USA. It shows the history of how and why people mailed things, mailing preferences, innovations in printing images, and even in international laws. The smaller card came into favor. Artists who designed postcards at the beginning of the 20th century included Alphonse Mucha, Phil May, and Louis Wain. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Postcard, a card for transmitting a message that can be mailed without an envelope. Designers were hampered by the rule forbidding correspondence on the side that carried the address. Omissions? The oldest one, and thus, what is believed to be the first, was sent in 1840 in England. …inexpensive form of correspondence, the postcard, first introduced by Austria in 1869, was soon adopted by most other countries.…. Postcard commemorating British polar explorer Robert Falcon Scott. Collecting picture postcards subsequently became a popular hobby. Corrections? The first producer of them was John P. Charlton in Philadelphia, who obtained a patent on his postcard design. Sarah Wildeboer of the Donald McGill Museum on the Isle of Wight explains: 'McGill's postcards were hugely popular in the mid-20th century, with some designs selling millions. The major eras in American Postcard History: Postcard Pre-History and Lipman Postal Cards […] The scroll was topped by an image of the arms of the Duchy of Brittany. Postcards are new age So many marketers like to think of postcards as passe, giving way to email and social marketing. The history of the postcard is an oft-overlooked, but intriguing thing. Jeff from Ann Arbor explains the fascinating history and cultural significance of postcards in America. In the United States John P. Charlton of Philadelphia obtained a copyright for privately printed cards decorated with a border pattern in 1861; the copyright later passed to M.L. $8.98. 5. Ships from and sold by Z and Z Books. $9.99. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There are novelty exceptions, such as wooden postcards, copper postcards sold in the Copper Country of the U.S. state of Michigan, and coconut "postcards" from tropical islands. Postcards began being commercially produced in the United States in 1861. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. These new picture postcards, with images of all kinds of things, became more popular over Europe and the United States in the 1880s. Postcard collectors divide the history of postcards into eras. Here is the history of the postcard. This has made postcards that went to the Ottoman Empire with these images before the ban highly valuable on the collectors market. A postcard or post card is a piece of thick paper or thin cardboard, typically rectangular, intended for writing and mailing without an envelope.Non-rectangular shapes may also be used but are rare. But postcard-to-website marketing is one of the most efficient, popular and lucrative strategies today. In the United States, all cards of this sort were known as "French Postcards," no matter where they originated. However, cards not issued by the Post Office were not allowed to be called “postcards” just yet. Get your hands on a customizable Facts About postcard from Zazzle. The U.S. government issued postal cards with imprinted stamps in May 1873. Twenty years later, in 1921, the population of the Longreach Shire was 4,260. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Walt Disney’s: Tomorrowland: A Journey Through History, Joe Fowler: The Man Behind Disneyland Magic. While people had been designing images of their own on postcards for a while, the first postcard sold with a commercially printed image on it was made in France in 1870, by Leon Besnardeau at Camp Conlie. History of Christmas Cards #4 Kansas City Is the Home of Hallmark. Find a large selection of sizes and shapes for your postcard needs! Such facts are interesting, I agree, but I don't think they're predictive of any specific marketing campaign. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The British post office began issuing postcards without images in 1870, and included a stamp in the design, so buying additional postage was not necessary; the price of the stamp was built into the cost of the postcard. Dan Robertson is the Curator of Local History & Archaeology at the Royal Pavilion & Museums in Brighton. Postcard history begins in the latter half of the 19th century. An Illustrated History of the Embroidered Silk Postcard, Collins, Ian The postcard remains an important item of stationery trade. Then later came the linen postcards thanks to technology allowing printing on linen During this time, humor was quite common in postcards with people sending funny postcards, some even for world war 2. The first government-issued cards were the straw-colored Austrian Korrespondenz Karte (with a two-kreuzer stamp) issued in October 1869. What is considered the first official postcard as we know them today was a hand-painted design on a card that was created by writer Theodore Hook in London in 1840; he mailed the card to himself, using a black penny stamp. They consisted of a white border line around the picture. Celebrate National Postcard Week (May 7-13) by learning fun facts about postcards, compliments of Modern Postcard, the printer of our membership magazine FLASH. In the '20s, the most commonly traded images contained deep plunging necklines, exposed garters, and panty peeks. The first German card appeared in 1874. Photo: Donald McGill Museum. In fact, the Ottoman Empire banned the sale and importation of postcards with images of the Prophet Mohammed on them in 1900. Lynching, a form of violence in which a mob, under the pretext of administering justice without trial, executes a presumed offender, often after inflicting torture. Inspirational and Motivational Postcards in" Reto Style" Set of 30 Postcards. 4.7 out of 5 stars 362. A century and more of postcards . In the United States, only the U.S. Post Office was allowed to print postcards until 1898. Postcards Bulk – 40-Pack Assorted Postcards, Postcards Variety Pack, 40 Unique Designs, 4 x 6 Inches 4.7 out of 5 stars 592. These early 1920s erotic postcards originated in France, like the majority of similar sexually-charged postcards of the era. The first images on these picture postcards were of the Interstate Industrial Exposition of Chicago. Postcard, a card for transmitting a message that can be mailed without an envelope. Post card variety pack depicting United States travel sites and American theme postcards. The history of postcard production can be divided into eras. In 1910 a postcard seller, Joyce Clyde Hall founded the huge greetings card company, Hallmark. It was a handmade card, like its British predecessor. Postcards bearing small engraved views appeared in the 1870s in Germany and Austria, but in Great Britain their publication was not possible until 1894, when the post office relinquished the right to charge the letter rate on any card other than the official one. The size and design of the card, the printing technology and paper used, and the wording of the text that appears on the card all contribute clues that help date individual cards: It shows the history of how and why people mailed things, mailing preferences, innovations in printing images, and even in international laws. Lipman. Here is the history of the postcard. In issuing official postcards, England was not far behind the United States. At first coloured by hand, colour printing of photographs was adopted by Edwin Bamforth, whose “song and hymn” cards became very popular during World War I. The direct ancestor of the picture postcard seems to be the envelopes printed with pictures on them. This rule was waived in Britain in 1897, in France in 1903, in Germany in 1905, and in the U.S. in 1907. He started the business in Kansas, Missouri with two boxes of postcards. While people embraced the new postcard with enthusiasm, as it allowed them to write quick notes to friends and family, without having to take the time to sit and write an entire letter when they did not have a letter’s worth of things to say, there were some legal issues involved with sending them, once picture postcards became popular. The postcards provide evidence of public buildings, structures and establishments, roads and transport, and social norms, dating from this period of Longreach’s history. An old postcard collection from the late 19th and early 20th century. Below are some interesting facts that you might not have ever heard before about the history of postcards. We also provide the most comprehensive listing of forthcoming shows around. Post card variety pack with trivia and fun fact theme postcards. Download your fun facts poster by CLICKING HERE. The design of the card included a picture of piles of weapons on either side of a scroll. For Archives Awareness Week, co-op student Nadia put together this short video, detailing the history of postcards. Collecting picture postcards was an immensely popular hobby in the first decade of the 20th century. The term is derived from the name of Charles Lynch (1736–96), who led an irregular court formed to punish loyalists during the … These postcards bore an engraving of the battlefield, with stacked arms, around a space for the address. Check them out and if you know of any other good ones, let us know so we can add then to this list. Until 1907, any postcard made by any person or company had to be made so that the purchaser could only write on the front of the card. Over the years, I’ve found them incredibly valuable in sharing memories — places I've been and places my loved ones have sent cards from. A BRIEF HISTORY OF The POSTCARD 1 (Postcard Terminology) Pre-Postcard Era, 1840 – 1869. Postcard History. The first postcard sent as a souvenir in the United States was sent in 1893, with images on it to advertise the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
2020 facts about the history of postcards