While obtaining his law degree from Harvard School of Law, Houston became the first African-American editor of the Harvard Law Review. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema Charles Hamilton Houston in höchster Qualität. A scholar and lawyer, he dedicated his life to freeing his people from the bonds of racism. He earned a bachelor's of law in 1922 and a JD from Harvard in 1923. Charles Hamilton Houston (September 3, 1895 – April 22, 1950) was a prominent African-American lawyer, Dean of Howard University Law School, and NAACP first special counsel, or Litigation Director. His father William Le Pré Houston, the son of a former slave, had become an attorney and practiced in the capital for more than four decades. Houston was also a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. He believed this would obviate the fears whites expressed that integrated schools would lead to interracial dating and marriage. The Charles Houston Bar Association and the, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 13:57. [15] The firm was prestigious but their work not well-compensated. They had Houston's only child in 1940, Charles Hamilton Houston, Jr.[6]. Houston left Howard in 1935 to serve as the first special counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), serving in this role until 1940. "[11] At the time, Oklahoma and southern states systematically excluded blacks from juries, in part because they were not on the voter rolls, having been disenfranchised across the South since the turn of the century by state barriers to voter registration. As the U.S. entered World War I, Houston joined the U.S. Army as an officer. The Charles H. Houston Center on Facebook; Charles H. Houston Center eNotice; Give to the Center . Born September 3,1895, in Washington, DC; died of a heart attack, April 22,1950; son of William (a lawyer) and Mary (a teacher, hairdresser, and seamstress) Hamilton; married Margaret Gladys Moran, August 23, 1924 (divorced, 1937); married Henrietta Williams, September 14, 1937; children: Charles, Jr. Education: They divorced in 1937. [21], Houston died from a heart attack on April 22, 1950, at the age of 54.[22]. He and those he taught and mentored laid the legal groundwork through thought and action that ultimately led to 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Brown v. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_Hamilton_Houston&oldid=994777190, Activists for African-American civil rights, Dunbar High School (Washington, D.C.) alumni, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1950, Houston was posthumously awarded the NAACP's. Charles Hamilton Houston was born on the 3rd September 1895, in Washington D.C. Charles' mother, Mary (née Hamilton) Houston, worked as a seamstress. Charles' mother, Mary (née Hamilton) Houston, worked as a seamstress. from Amherst College at age 19 and then began teaching English at Howard University. [10], In the related Hollins v. State of Oklahoma (1935), Houston led an all-black legal team before the US Supreme Court to appeal another murder case in which the defendant was convicted by an all-white jury and sentenced to death. Charles Hamilton Houston Pre-Law Institute . He influenced nearly one-quarter of all the black lawyers in the United States at the time, including former student Thurgood Marshall, who became a United States Supreme Court justice. civil-rights attorney Born: 1895 Birthplace: Washington, D.C. Houston, a powerful advocate of civil rights, helped gain ground for the movement by taking the fight to the court system. From 1929 to 1935, Houston served as Vice-Dean and Dean of the Howard University School of Law. The Charles Hamilton Houston Internship Program (“Houston Program”) is designed to provide Amherst College students with substantive, meaningful summer internship opportunities in various industries across the U.S. and abroad. Here we look at effective interventions that help level the playing field for poor children living in urban neighborhoods. The Charles Hamilton Houston Foundation, Inc. is a empowerment and advocacy nonprofit organization working to improve college and career access for all students of color. -Charles Hamilton Houston In this capacity he created litigation strategies to attack racial housing covenants and segregated schools, arguing several important civil rights cases before the U.S. Supreme Court. Read the most recent academic and policy research on the individual and community damage wrought by decades of underdevelopment. All Rights Reserved. He was recruited to the Howard University faculty by the school’s first African-American president, Mordecai Johnson. It was his time in the army… [14], Houston founded a law firm, Houston & Gardner, with Wendell P. Gardner, Sr. More broadly, we identify non-traditional educational pathways that seek to create an agile school to opportunity pipeline with multiple branches; […] Search for innovative approaches that are actually being used to rebuild. In addition, there is a professorship at Harvard Law named after him. "[21] Houston's use of sociological materials in these cases lay the groundwork for the approach and ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). CHARLES HAMILTON HOUSTON: A GALLERY [Many of the images in this collection can be viewed at full size by clicking on them.] He was sentenced to life in prison, where he died in 1950. [18][19][17], Houston's efforts to dismantle the legal theory of "separate but equal" were completed after his death in 1950 with the historic Brown v. Board of Education (1954) ruling, which prohibited segregation in public schools. Charles Hamilton Houston Born: September 3, 1895 Died: April 22, 1950 Undergraduate Degree: Amherst College Law Degree: Harvard Law School, 1922, Doctorate of Law, 1923 While Charles Hamilton Houston did not actively argue the Brown decision, he is given credit for laying the ground work that led to the NAACP strategy. As Special Counsel to the NAACP, Houston dispatched Thurgood Marshall, Oliver Hill and other young attorneys to work a litigation campaign of court challenges to equalize teachers' salaries. Here we look at effective interventions that help level the playing field for poor children living in urban neighborhoods. Find out here who is doing what to address the issues facing our communities. [9] In Missouri ex rel. (Courtesy of Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University Archives) After being chastised for, during a brief detail as a Judge Advocate, finding a Black sergeant not worthy of prosecution, Houston wrote later: The hate and scorn showered on us Negro officers by our fellow Americans convinced me that there was no sense in my dying for a world ruled by them. Houston earned his A.B. Harvard Symposium Examines Charles Hamilton Houston’s Enduring Legacy. From 1917 to 1919, he served as a First Lieutenant in the United States Infantry, based in Fort Meade, Maryland, with service in France. Upcoming Events. More broadly, we identify non-traditional educational pathways that seek to create an agile school to opportunity pipeline with multiple branches; thus ensuring–for real–that no child gets left behind. The defense team had challenged the all-white jury during the trial, but the conviction was upheld by the appeals court. Charles Hamilton Houston conceived of and led the legal strategy leading to the end of legalized racial segregation in the United States. In 1958, the main building of the Howard University School of Law was dedicated as Charles Hamilton Houston Hall. Charles Hamilton Houston, a groundbreaking lawyer and educator, is credited with having recognized in the 1930s that the incipient black civil rights movement would achieve its greatest and most lasting successes in the courtroom. He returned to D.C. and taught English at Howard University, a historically black college. Hollins was tried a third time, again before an all-white jury, and was convicted in 1936. Research encourages more support for Black and Hispanic male educational attainment. Charles Hamilton Houston was one of the most important figures in the history of the United States. The court ruled that "judicial enforcement of private right constitutes state action for the purpose of the fourteenth amendment. After his return, he was admitted to the Washington, DC bar in 1924 and joined his father's practice. Browse 24 charles hamilton houston stock photos and images available, or start a new search to explore more stock photos and images. His father William Le Pré Houston, the son of a former slave, had become an attorney and practiced in the capital for more than four decades. [7] Houston was a founding member of the affiliated Washington Bar Association. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} Father and son lawyer and civil rights activist Charles Houston Hamilton and William L Houston preparing for a civil rights legal case, 1960. Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race & Justice, Aggressive Policing and the Educational Performance of Minority Youth. Member of the most recent academic and policy research on the individual and community damage wrought by decades underdevelopment... 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