Although now there are over 400, their numbers are still declining in Doñana National Park—a reserve in Andalusia, southern Spain—from 93 in 2013 to only 76 in 2015. This dependence on … Habitat & Ecology. The Iberian lynx is a rabbit specialist with a low ability to adapt its diet. Despite its speed and agility, it has a monastic diet, feeding almost exclusively on rabbits. The Iberian Lynx is a carnivore and eats mainly small mammals, particularly rabbits and birds. [17] [18] [19] It sometimes preys on young fallow deer (Dama dama), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), mouflon (Ovis orientalis), and ducks. In addition to their dependence on European rabbits as prey, Iberian lynx have very specific habitat requirements. Housing developments and expansion of urban areas pose a huge threat to the lynx’s habitat, along with wood plantation and crops. Eurasian lynx kittens, like this one, are usually born in early spring. The mating season takes place from January to July. Threats: land development, hunting, disease. The Iberian lynx is a carnivorous animal, with 90% of its diet consisting of hares. Its relatively short, coarse coat is tawny to bright yellowish-red, with black or brown spots and white underparts. So wherever the rabbits are, that’s where the lynx are! https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/10-animals-found-in-spain.html This species is classified as Endangered (EN), but its numbers are increasing today. Four males in the area had home ranges of 11.8–12.2 km (4.6–4.7 sq mi). Iberian lynxes used to be widespread throughout the south of France and the Iberian Peninsula. View our Cookie Policy. In the wild, their preferred diet is deer and other hoofed animals. While an adult lynx needs about one rabbit a day, a mother raising her young needs to catch about three. The lynx was also affected by the loss of scrubland, its main habitat, to human development, including changes in land use and the construction of roads and dams. Iberian lynxes are solitary and nocturnal, with most activity around sunset, the time when prey is the most active. Diet and Nutrition. Threats: land development, hunting, disease. Rabbits make up over 80% of an Iberian lynx’s diet so they really can’t live without them. Also, the lynx population will decrease after a crash in the snowshoe hare population. The Spanish or Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus ... Lynx at the San Diego Zoo are offered a nutritionally complete ground-meat diet made for zoo carnivores, plus a rib bone twice weekly, a rat and rabbit once a week, and beef heart for training purposes. Their hunting strategy is based on stalking. Diet The Iberian lynx mostly depends on wild rabbits to feed, but it will also eat ducks, young deer and partridges if rabbit densities are low. Diet The Iberian lynx mostly depends on wild rabbits to feed, but it will also eat ducks, young deer and partridges if rabbit densities are low. A lynx will stalk its prey and then wait behind rocks and bushes before pouncing. Diet The Iberian lynx mostly depends on wild rabbits to feed, but it will also eat ducks, young deer and partridges if rabbit densities are low. Daily patterns of activity are linked to the European rabbit, their primary prey. (Deliebs, 2009) Ecosystem Roles. However, the populations of this lynx have been on a sharp decline due to overhunting, poaching, and fragmentation of its natural habitat. However, in the winter season, when the population of rabbits is low, they switch to other forms of food, like ducks, red deer and even fallow deer. Primary Diet; carnivore. A male consumes an average of one rabbit per day, while a female with kittens consumes an average of three per day. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.07.001 … Their hunting strategy is based on stalking. Happy days for the Iberian lynx. Very deep snow act like snowshoes peak approximately every 10 years, after. 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