The southern Kingdom of Judah thrived until 587/586 bc, when it was overrun by the Babylonians, who carried off many of the inhabitants into exile. The fate of the kingdom of Judah is a central topic of the Hebrew Bible. According to the biblical stories, Judean kings ruled from the time of David, about 1000 B.C.E., until 586 B.C.E., when the Neo-Babylonians destroyed Judah, its capital Jerusalem, and the temple and forcefully resettled most Judeans in Babylon. the kingdom split into a northern kingdom, which retained the name Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah, so … to show the empires that will come but none will be greater than Babylon. After the death of King Solomon (sometime around 930 B.C.) Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judah in 605 BC and King Jehoiakim of Judah became subservient to the King of Babylon. how did the Chaldean method of empire building and maintenance differ from the Assyrian method. The Kingdom of Judah was conquered by the Babylonians at around 587 BCE. Having defeated Pharaoh Neco of Egypt at the Battle of Carchemish in 606BC (see 2 Kings 23:9), the Babylonians also succeeded in taking the lands of the Mediterranean coastal plain from the hands of the Egyptians (see 2 Kings 24:7). The division of a united hebrew kingdom into the kingdoms of israel and judah was a result of a. disagreement In 587 B. C., the Babylonians conquered the Israelite Kingdom of Judah and New Questions The Northern Kingdom of Israel had ripened in iniquity, and the results were inevitable. which Chaldean king conquered the Southern Kingdom of Judah. Judah had a history of wars and treaties with neighboring countries and suffered constant internal turmoil. Now Judah was facing the same fate. At that time most Israelites except some of the poorest were captured and taken into exile to Babylon in several stages. Daniel. The Assyrians took them captive in 721 B.C. they treated their captives very well.