Why might there be fewer Christians in Northern Africa? In The Rise of Christianity, Rodney Stark argues that Christianity replaced paganism chiefly because it improved the lives of its adherents in various ways. The Evangelical Revival, in the late 18th century, started sending missionaries to Africa. For at least twelve hundred years the Church of the East was noted for its missionary zeal, its high degree of lay participation, its superior educational standards and cultural contributions in less developed countries, and its fortitude in the face of persecution. [22], Christian missionary activity spread "the Way" and slowly created early centers of Christianity with Gentile adherents in the predominantly Greek-speaking eastern half of the Roman Empire, and then throughout the Hellenistic world and even beyond the Roman Empire. Sometime before the death of Shapur II in 379, the intensity of the persecution slackened. At that, the Christians themselves rose up and refused to accept such a deliverance as shameful. The great persecution fell upon the Christians in Persia about the year 340. The missionary movement in the East began which gradually spread throughout Mesopotamia and Persia and by AD 280. Constantine believed he was writing to help his fellow believers in Persia but succeeded only in exposing them. Historically, the most widespread Christian church in Asia was the Church of the East, the Christian church of Sasanian Persia. [web 7], According to Indian Christian traditions, following previous migration by Jews,[52] Christianity arrived along the southern Indian Malabar Coast via Thomas the Apostle in 52 AD[53] and from this came Thomasine Christianity. Most members of other tribes converted to Christianity when their respective tribes settled within the Empire, and most Franks and Anglo-Saxons converted a few generations later. Wulfila or Ulfilas was the son or grandson of Christian captives from Sadagolthina in Cappadocia. By Joseph Kiprop on September 21 2017 in Society. Christianity did not spread very quickly initially, but in the 2nd century it spread like a wildfire. Based on this, the Antioch church was founded. [29] The "Hellenists," Greek speaking diaspora Jews belonging to the early Jerusalem Jesus-movement, played an important role in reaching a Gentile, Greek audience, notably at Antioch, which had a large Jewish community and significant numbers of Gentile "God-fearers. [49] Even under Decius, orthodox Christians were subject to arrest only for their refusal to participate in Roman civic religion, and were not prohibited from assembling for worship. It has also been known as the Persia Church, the East Syrian Church, the Assyrian Church, and, in China, as the "Luminous Religion". On Christmas 496,[65] however, Clovis I following his victory at the Battle of Tolbiac converted to the orthodox faith of the Catholic Church and let himself be baptised at Rheims. In the several centuries of state sponsored Christianity that followed, pagans and heretical Christians were routinely persecuted by the Empire and the many kingdoms and countries that later occupied the place of the Empire,[56] but some Germanic tribes remained Arian well into the Middle Ages.[57]. Paul's conversion on the Road to Damascus is first recorded in Acts 9:13–16. [citation needed]. [51] The era of coexistence ended when Diocletian launched the final and "Great" Persecution in 303. Although little is known of the immediate growth of the church, Bar-Daisan (AD 154–223) reports that in his time there were Christian tribes in North India, which claimed to have been converted by Thomas and to have books and relics to prove it. Nicene or orthodox) beliefs that were dogmatically defined by the Church Fathers in the Nicene Creed and Council of Chalcedon. [15][23][24][25][note 2] Early Christian beliefs were proclaimed in kerygma (preaching), some of which are preserved in New Testament scripture. Bishop Simon refused to be intimidated. significant religions are Islam and Christianity, their spread has effected many places throughout the world. 2005, 497 or 499 are also possible; Padberg 1998: 53, Historical background of the New Testament, Historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles, historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles, Anti-Christian policies in the Roman Empire, Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire, "Greek Orthodoxy – From Apostolic Times to the Present Day", "Inside the Conversion Tactics of the Early Christian Church", "The "Afterlife" of the New Testament and Postmodern Interpretation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spread_of_Christianity&oldid=990280499, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles lacking reliable references from February 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 20:32. [web 6] As the Roman Empire experienced the Crisis of the Third Century, the emperor Decius enacted measures intended to restore stability and unity, including a requirement that Roman citizens affirm their loyalty through religious ceremonies pertaining to Imperial cult. It is also believed that it was there that the term Christian was coined. [44] According to Will Durant, the Christian Church prevailed over paganism because it offered a much more attractive doctrine, and because the church leaders addressed human needs better than their rivals. There were few secrets in such a setting. [13] According to the Acts of the Apostles (the historical reliability of the Acts of the Apostles is disputed), the Jerusalem church began at Pentecost with some 120 believers,[14] in an "upper room," believed by some to be the Cenacle, where the apostles received the Holy Spirit and emerged from hiding following the death and resurrection of Jesus to preach and spread his message.[15][16].

what three continents were affected by the spread of christianity?

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