[15], In Australia, mesquite has colonized more than 800,000 hectares of arable land, having severe economic and environmental impacts. A vernacular. Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite, Distribution: Mexico, Central and South America, Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 4 ft (1.2 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft3 (800 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .63, .80, Modulus of Rupture: 16,750 lbf/in2 (115.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,759,000 lbf/in2 (12.13 GPa), Crushing Strength: 9,760 lbf/in2 (67.3 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.6%, Tangential: 8.1%, Volumetric: 12.6%, T/R Ratio: 1.8. Mohan (1884, in Raizada and Chatterji, 1954) refers to 'cashaw', the common name for P. juliflora used only in Jamaica, and suggests that this may have been the origin of this introduction of Prosopis to India. The tree is believed to have existed in the Vanni and Mannar regions for a long time[citation needed]. Sapwood tends to be narrow and is a pale yellow color. Acacia juliflora (Sw.) Willd. A mature plant can produce hundreds Scientific Name: Prosopis juliflora. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Common Name(s): Prosopis juliflora, Mesquite. Family. Subordinate taxa: Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) ... As with all trees, transplants from nurseries is common practice. ", "Factsheet: Prosopis juliflora (prosopis or mesquite)", Long-thorn Kiawe | Hawaii Invasive Species Council, Prosopis juliflora (mesquite) - CABI Invasive Species Compendium, Long-thorn Kiawe | Kauai Invasive Species Committee (KISC), Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae) | Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk, Prosopis juliflora | Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk | Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prosopis_juliflora&oldid=987734505, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 22:38. Livestock which consume excessive amounts of seed pods are poisoned due to neurotoxic alkaloids. Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape. [4], Growing to a height of up to 12 metres (39 ft), P. juliflora has a trunk diameter of up to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft). Growth Rate: 24 … [6] This mesquite Prosopis juliflora native to Central and South America, is also known as katu andara. Pods are 20 to 30 cm long and contain between 10 and 30 seeds per pod. [14], Prosopis juliflora has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. VELVET MESQUITE, ARIZONA MESQUITE. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Additional Common Names. Prosopis juliflora has excellent weathering properties. Allergies/Toxicity: Woods in the Prosopis genus have been reported to cause skin irritation. It is native to Mexico, South America and the Caribbean. [3], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Mesquite (Prosopis species)" Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Canberra, at, International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS), Villalobos, Soraya; Vargas, Orlando & Melo, Sandra, "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny", "The invasive shrub Prosopis juliflora enhances the malaria parasite transmission capacity of Anopheles mosquitoes: a habitat manipulation experiment", Unusual amount of (-)-mesquitol from the heartwood of Prosopis juliflora. Prices for Prosopis juliflora are in the mid range for an imported tropical hardwood. Algarobia juliflora (Sw.) Benth. [9], The sweet pods are edible and nutritious, and have been a traditional source of food for indigenous peoples in Peru, Chile and California. It is hard and expensive to remove as the plant can regenerate from the roots. Prosopis juliflora is a thorny evergreen tree with a large, flat-topped crown and open canopy; it can grow from 5 - 10 metres tall. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Workability: Working properties are largely dictated by the quality of the wood itself. Average Dried Weight: 50 lbs/ft 3 (800 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.63, .80. The mesquites ( Prosopis spp.) torreyana L. Benson [] NRCS PLANT CODE []: PRGL2 PRGLG PRGLP PRGLT COMMON NAMES: honey mesquite western honey mesquite TAXONOMY: The currently accepted scientific name of honey mesquite is Prosopis glandulosa (Fabaceae) [50,181]. Introduction Prosopis juliflora (Sw) DC in Brazil. [3] It is a contributing factor to continuing transmission of malaria, especially during dry periods when sugar sources from native plants are largely unavailable to mosquitoes. [5] Its leaves are deciduous, geminate-pinnate, light green, with 12 to 20 leaflets. Prosopis juliflora has a wide range of vernacular names, although no widely used English one except for mesquite, which is used for several species of Prosopis. With its thorns and many low branches it forms impenetrable thickets which prevent cattle from accessing watering holes, etc. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. It was introduced in 1880 and has become a serious problem as an invasive species. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Glues, turns, and finishes well. Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and Western Australia, and as a potential environmental weed or "sleeper weed" in many other parts of Australia. Prosopis juliflora mesquite Prosopis kuntzei . Prosopis juliflora has become an invasive weed in several countries where it was introduced. Prosopis species Prosopis juliflora Name Synonyms Acacia cumanensis Willd. Rot Resistance: Prosopis juliflora is considered durable to very durable regarding decay resistance, though it is susceptible to insect attack. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Prosopis juliflora var. Common Name: Mesquite Family: Fabaceae Juss. Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. "In Malayalam, it is known as "Mullan." The species has variable thorniness, with nearly thornless individuals appearing occasionally. Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC. It is claimed that P. juliflora existed and was recognised even as a holy tree in ancient India, but this is most likely a confusion with Prosopis cineraria. Flowers appear shortly after leaf development. Common Uses: Flooring, firewood, turned objects, cabinetry, and furniture. It causes land erosion due to the loss of the grasslands that are habitats for native plants and animals. velutina Prosopis chilensis var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Prosopis juliflora is an evergreen Tree growing to 10 m (32ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate.

prosopis juliflora common name

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