The species Myroxylon balsamum is a tall tree (15 to 23 m high) native to the high plains and mountains of Central and South America. Tolu balsam is a sap-like substance that comes from the Myroxylon balsamum tree. Fights Infections. The fruit is a flat winged pod, narrowly obovate 8 centimetres (3.1 in) long 1–2 centimetres (0.39–0.79 in) wide, yellow to brown when dried and drop around November to January.[2]. This cloth is left for 15 more days. Myroxylon peruiferum is disjunctly distributed in the Americas, from Mexico to northern Argentina and southern Brazil, though it has a wide distribution, it is not abundant within its area of occurrence. Hitinayake, "Invasive Behaviour of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myroxylon&oldid=979552996, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Southern Mexico and Central and South America, This page was last edited on 21 September 2020, at 11:34. It is used as medicine. peruiferum.[1]. Leaves alternate, petiolate, 8–20 centimetres (3.1–7.9 in) including the petioles, the petioles 1–4 centimetres (0.39–1.57 in) long, and the rachis 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long. Myroxylon balsamum, Santos mahogany, or Peru balsam is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae. [6], The tree has also been introduced to several Pacific islands such as Fiji and to Indonesia, and is a potential ecological threat there. Myroxylon is a genus of tree grown in Central America (primarily in El Salvador) and South America. After obtaining the resin, it is purified of impurities with fire. [1] Plants are found in growing in well drained soil in evergreen humid forest. Balsam of Peru is used in food and drink for flavoring, in perfumes and toiletries for fragrance, and in medicine and pharmaceutical items for healing properties. [1], Some authors recognize infra-specific taxa based, mainly, in their balsam phytochemistry; while other authors do not recognize such categories. After a few days the resin-wet skin is removed and a cotton cloth is glued on the wound to extract even more sap. The flowers are white with yellow stamens, produced in racemes. In fact, it is also resistant to preservative treatment. Its specific gravity is 0.74–0.81. Crown is round with dense foliage and the bark is yellowish with a pungent odor. Members of this genus produce hydroxypipecolic acids in their leaves.[4]. It is also a valuable timber tree. The genus Myroxylon was first established by Linnaeus filius in 1781, when he described Myroxylon peruiferum based on a specimen collected by Mutis in South America. [1] The hardwood tree contains oil that is naturally resistant to insects and has a characteristic scent. The wood is reddish and has interlocked grain, which gives it a strong ribbon-like pattern, and logs produce a large amount of knot-free lumber. It is native to tropical forests from Southern Mexico through the Amazon regions of Peru and Brazil at elevations of 200–690 meters. In Sri Lanka, it has overgrown several hectares of the Udawatta Kele Sanctuary and is rapidly spreading there. [2], "El Bálsamo en El Salvador: Una especie con potencial económico", "Santos Mahogany - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myroxylon_balsamum&oldid=982385727, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 20:20. The rachis and petioles are pubescent and terete. Myroxylon balsamum wood is used for flooring, furniture, interior trim, and heavy construction. Leaflets are acute to acuminate at the apex, obtuse at the base, glabrous, with an entire margin and glandular oil dots. This has given rise to dense stands of young trees where no other vegetation can grow, causing severe ecological disruption, i.e., the disappearance of local, native plant species and consequently of the animals and insects that feed on these. The tree is large slow growing, reaching 45 metres (148 ft) in height. When a tree is wounded, it secretes a sticky liquid to heal and protect itself from … balsamum, known as balsam of Peru and balsam of Tolu, respectively. [3], "Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk: Myroxylon balsamum", "H. P. Wedathanthri and H.M.G.S.B. The genus Myroxylon was originally described in 1753 by Linnaeus, such description was made using a specimen collected in the province of Cartagena (at the time Tolú was located in the province of Cartagena), and named it Toluifera balsamum. There are reports of differences in composition of balsams obtained from M. balsamum, M. balsamum (var. pereirae), and M. In some instances, balsam of Peru is listed on the ingredient label of a product by one of its various names, but it ma The extraction process is artisanal. Myroxylon balsamum is a large tree of tropical America, known internationally and introduced widely as a source of resin (Peru and Tolu balsams) for use in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Myroxylon balsamum is a slow-growing, emergent tree of the rainforest that can reach a height of 45 metres but is usually smaller [1] Balsam of Peru, also known and marketed by many other names, is a balsam derived from a tree known as Myroxylon balsamum var. It is found in remnants of mesophillous forest. With regard to woodworking, the tree is moderately difficult to work but can be finished with a high natural polish; it tends to cause some tool dulling. People take tolu balsam for cough, bronchitis, swollen airways, and cancer. (See Tolu Balsam).Duke 2002, U… The trees are large, growing to 40 metres (130 ft) tall, with evergreen pinnate leaves 15 centimetres (5.9 in) long, with 5–13 leaflets. Scientific Name: Myroxylon balsamum Distribution: Southern Mexico and Central and South America Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter This already purified product is marketed among a series of intermediaries and exporters, its destinations being Germany, the United States of America, England and Spain, where it is used in the manufacture of cosmetics and medicines (for diseases of the skin, bronchi, lungs and airways, and in the treatment of burns and wounds)[3]The tree has been planted for Balsam production in West Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. In Peru and Brazil this species is mostly associated with rivers, and sometimes grows on lateritic soil. The resin extracted from the trunk is known as Balsam of Peru. The wood has a Janka hardness of 2,200 lbf (9,800 N) and is somewhat resistant to fungal decay. The fruit is a pod 7–11 centimetres (2.8–4.3 in) long, containing a single seed. A closely related species called balsam of Peru ( M. pereirae ) is native to Central America farther north. It is native to tropical forests from Southern Mexico through the Amazon regions of Peru and Brazil at elevations of 200–690 meters. There are two species: Myroxylon is a genus of tree grown in Central America (primarily in El Salvador) and South America. Myroxylon balsamum, Santos mahogany, or Peru balsam is a species of tree in the family Fabaceae. The wood is dark brown, with a deep red heartwood. [4], Myroxylon balsamum is often use as a shade tree in coffee plantations. Plants are found in growing in well drained soil in evergreen humid forest. Balsam of tolu (Myroxylon balsamum), a tall tree native to northern South America, is found predominantly in Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, and some areas of Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia. The balsam tree can become a highly invasive species when introduced into tropical countries where it is not native. It has a sweet scent. [5] In this Sri Lankan rain forest, Myroxylon seeds sprout in very high numbers due to tolerating more diverse light conditions than native species and due to the absence of natural enemies such as diseases and insects.

myroxylon balsamum tree

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