During its growing season, fertilize once a month with a balanced fertilizer. If you're growing dragon fruit from seeds, it could be two years or so before your plant bears any fruit. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. After they've germinated, remove the plastic wrap, and transplant to a bigger pot. Normally, there are no real pests or diseases that can seriously affect the dragon fruit, but do watch out for aphids.  X Research source If you grow from the cuttings of a stem, it could take much less time (depending on how large your cutting is). Aphids will usually be found feeding on young buds and shoots. The seed should germinate within 15-30 days. If you've never heard of dragon fruit, no worries – it actually has a slew of other names in goes by: Indonesia buah naga, Khmer sror kaa neak, Thai kaeo mangkon, nanettika fruit, Kaktus madu, Long guo, Cereus triangularis, Thanh long, Strawberry Pear, Cactus fruit, Night blooming Cereus, Belle of the Night, Jesus in the Cradle. Learn how to grow dragon fruit in your garden! Which one you choose all depends on time. Step 3. In temperate regions, you'll be able to harvest dragon fruit between summer and early to mid autumn. Using a germinating tray, plant the seeds in soil, but make … If you can’t manage this indoors, place it under bright lights instead. The flowers of the dragon fruit are some of the most unique and strange looking flowers in the world, not to mention some of the biggest! of water per week. Provided you have warm temperatures and enough space, you can grow a dragon fruit cactus at home. I only wished I lived in a warmer climate to grow them , I love dragon fruit so so much, it not only tastes amazing but it’s so pretty! That way, what remains are the older branches and we always get TONS of flowers, resulting in fruit. They can reach a diameter of up to 25cm and are about 30cm in length. Fill a small germination tray or a small pot with well draining soil. If it’s winter, you likely won’t see any fruit. Proper care is key, though. If you’re growing from seed, it can take at least 6 years for the dragon fruit tree to start fruiting. You can harvest dragon fruit once its skin color changes from bright green to red or pink. The dragon fruit plant will start flowering in its first or second year after planting. You can also make your own dragon fruit soil by mixing one part peat with one part perlite. This means moderate watering – it's always best to give your dragon fruit less water than more water. Fruits should be ready to harvest 30-50 days after flowering. Prune the tree annually by removing any dead stems as well as overgrowing stems. Once dry, water deeply and be sure that your pot has good drainage holes. Fruit growing in pots is fairly easy to care for, and dragon fruit plants are no exception. Dragon fruit can be propagated directly from the seeds in the fruit. Therefore, it order to grow dragon fruit, you’ll need to plant it near a fence, build a trellis, or a climbing pole. If you’re growing dragon fruit from a small nursery tree or a cutting, it can take anywhere from 1-3 years. Choose a pot that's about once or two times bigger than the root ball of the dragon fruit. They can reach a diameter of up to 25cm and are about 30cm in length. You will need to repot the plant every year as it grows. Because it's a sub tropical plant, dragon fruit loves warm weather and partial sun. Once we get the plant to be the size that we want, we start clipping all the new branches. Dig a hole in the middle of the soil that's at least 2-4 inches deep and place the cutting inside of it, packing the soil firmly around the stem. This will usually be a 5 gallon pot that's 10-12 inches in depth. For a young plant, you may have to water every day or every other day. Follow the same care directions as above. Choose a spot that's as dry and as sunny as can be. The dragon fruit cactus is a tropical plant, which means it likes heat. The seeds need to be separated from the flesh, so wash the seeds and dry them overnight. Learn how to grow dragon fruit, one of the most peculiar looking fruits in the world! Pitaya cacti reach maturity quickly and with proper care should produce fruit for 20 to 30 years. Sign up for our newsletter. dragon fruit, how to grow, tropical fruits. Step 2. Dragon fruits usually grow in tropical and subtropical climates. Growing dragon fruit in pots is easy because you can move the pot indoors once the weather cools and you can also control the amount of sun it receives. Because it’s a sub tropical plant, dragon fruit loves warm weather and partial sun. – helps boost low iron levels Dragon fruits usually only develop in the summer, when temperatures are high and the days are long. In either case, it's extremely important for your dragon fruit plant to be able to support itself. Dragon fruit trees do not need much water, much like their cousin, the cactus. If growing in a cooler climate, stop fertilizing in the winter. Cut a 6-15 inch (12-38cm) stem from a plant (the parent plant) that is at least one year old. Dragon fruit is a climbing cactus and will need support to climb. Learn more about watering succulents. During this time, keep the soil moist. Growing the dragon fruit plant in pots is not that much different than growing them in the ground. Alternatively, you can also use cactus soil. Lack of sunlight may be responsible for a dragon fruit cactus not blooming, as the plant flowers when the days are long. So now that you know how to grow dragon fruit, let's get the planting! Ensure the plant is in full sunlight. Prune the tips of the uppermost branches to encourage more lateral growth and fruit development. In hotter climates for example, the plant may need more shade and therefore will need to be moved. To hand pollinate, use a small paint brush and rub the anthers to collect the pollen then gently dab the top of the stigma to deposit the pollen and thus fertilise the flower! These include, but are not limited to, the Caribbean, Florida, Southeast Asia, and Australia. As the plant matures, this schedule may change. Can be grown in USDA zones 9 through 11, and with a soil pH of 6 to 7. Surprisingly enough, dragon fruit is easy to grow, so long as you provide it with the right growing conditions. Dragon fruit grows well in pots, especially if you live in a cooler climate or don't have a lot of growing space. It’s also possible your dragon fruit won’t develop fruit because of a lack of moisture. Follow the same directions as above (for growing dragon fruit from seeds) and plant in a big pot with good drainage holes. You should prune dragon fruit plants on a regular basis to control size and improve air circulation. Unfortunately, I can’t grow it myself, but I still like reading about it . The flowers of the dragon fruit are some of the most unique and strange looking flowers in the world, not to mention some of the biggest! The most likely cause is inadequate growing conditions. In either case, it’s extremely important for your dragon fruit plant to be able to support itself. Keep reading to learn more about reasons dragon fruit won’t develop and how to make dragon fruit bear fruit. Dragon fruit are loaded with vitamins and minerals and therefore have a lot of health benefits: – promotes a healthy gut If temperatures are below 65 F. (18 C.), your plant is unlikely even to form flowers. The dragon fruit cactus is a tropical plant, which means it likes heat. To encourage fruiting, you should give your cactus a tall, sturdy trellis to climb. It’s the older arm/branches that produces the flowers. Make the cut at an angle for best results. 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Side dress with aged manure or compost to keep moisture in. Dragon fruit, also known as pitaya, is an exotic, tropical fruit you've most likely seen before in stores. Remember that the dragon fruit plant or pitaya plant can only survive temperatures that are above 28F (-2C). You will need to cut the fruit in half, and then scoop out the seeds. If left to its own devices, the tree can grow up to 20 feet in height. This will also help prevent fungal infections and diseases. If necessary, shine a spotlight or a bright outdoor light on the plant for a couple of hours … The flowers themselves only open up for one night and give off a beautiful exotic and fruity scent. Dragon fruit, also frequently called pitaya, is the fascinating, thoroughly tropical looking fruit you may have seen in the market.