Cotswold breeders started to select sheep for larger size after 1825, a part of which the breed had lost, and for heavier fleeces. The Cotswold breed was improved during the 18th and 19th centuries using the Leicester and … Some strains of the breed are not as prone to internal parasites as others, provided their grazing is not excessively short. Pigeon And this sheep breed may descended in part from the white sheep brought to England by the Romans. It is a dual-use breed providing both meat and wool. They mostly have white faces, but their faces are occasionally mottled with some light grey or tan hairs. By the Middle Ages the Cotswold Hills had become known as a centre of the English wool trade. Another early contributor to American flocks was the Charles Barton Flock, of Fyfield, Northleach, England, whose owner had family records of Cotswold pedigrees going back to 1640 or before. It has a Bradford (spinning) count of 36s to 44s, most commonly around 40s. There are a couple of different suggestions as to the origin of the name ‘the Cotswolds’. Some authorities claim (Elwes, 1893) the Cotswold breed was already in the Cotswold Hills when the Romans got there circa 54 B.C. This trait gave them the nickname of the "Golden Fleece Breed". Several of the lambs he sired attained weights of 280 to 300 lb (130 to 140 kg) by one year old. They are mainly white in color with other colors available. Cotswold sheep do not have the tight-flocking instinct of western range sheep, preferring to spread out and graze enclosed pastures more uniformly. This can be a problem if overfed and they have only a single lamb at foot, due to pulpy kidney disease, unless preventive vaccinations are administered. Foot rot is very uncommon in this breed. Cotswold sheep raised for meat and wool.Originated in the Cotswold hills of the southern midlands of England. The Cotswold is today considered a fairly slow-growing sheep, because too much grain often kills it through polioencephalomalacia (PEM), pulpy kidney, or "gravel" or urolithiasis (in males). [clarification needed] Generally, the tighter the curls of the fleece, the finer the wool. Most Cotswold ewes produce quite a lot of milk. According to W S Harmer of the British Cotswold Sheep Society, writing in 1892,[full citation needed] the Cotswold is the only breed having been associated with the fabulous cloth of gold in antiquity. Their faces are mainly white in color, but can also be mottled with some light gray or tan hairs. Hooves of the Cotswold sheep are mainly black, but are sometimes streaked with undesirable light or translucent color. Ostrich Quail Cotswold sheep is a breed of domestic sheep originating in the Cotswold hills of the southern midlands of England. The Cotswold sheep has been described as a large white-woolled sheep breed with a white face. Because the wool is so long and parts along the sheep's spine, cold rains can cause health problems, though low temperatures and heavy snows are not problems to the breed. In that year the Black Cotswold Society was formed to assist farmers in propagating the breed. As a large breed, average live body weight of the mature Cotswold rams is around 136 kg. He based his opinion on the fact … Cow Small black spots may occur on the "points" (non-woolly portions of legs, ears, and face), but the wool itself is white. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. It was originated from the Cotswold hills of the Southern midlands of England. The Cotswold sheep breed is relatively rare as of 2009, and categorized as ‘minority‘ by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust of the United Kingdom. On the contrary, the brush is often torn from its stalk by the stout-fibred wool. The Cotswold sheep is a breed of domestic sheep from United Kingdom.  As at 2009, this long-woolled breed is relatively rare, and is categorised in the UK as "minority" by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust.. Subscribe ROY'S FARM newsletter for news, updates and receiving notifications of new posts by email. They have small heads at birth, if the ewes are not overfed during gestation, and are therefore born more easily than some other breeds. Photo and info from Wikipedia. Cotswold hooves are normally black, but may sometimes be streaked with light or translucent colour. Read some more information about this British sheep breed below. Sheep have been known in this area since the time of the Roman conquest, around 2000 years ago. The ewes are excellent mothers and take good care of their babies. The Black Cotswold can be any colour, including white if it is related to black sheep. The Cotswold sheep are dual purpose animals. Both rams and ewes are generally calm and friendly in nature. It is a dual-use breed providing both meat and wool . It is a dual-use breed providing both meat and wool. Cotswold sheep have been legendary for centuries for not having colored fleeces. Today the breed is raised for both meat and wool production. They are efficient grazers, but they generally require good forage for best performance. The Cotswold probably originated from the sheep kept on large Roman estates. Cotswold wool was used as a substitute for linen, woven with exceedingly fine wires of real gold, to make special garments for ancient priests and kings. Disclaimer Cotswold sheep are large built, tall and have very thick fleece.. Turkey, About Us HISTORY. Some old-time black "Cotswolds" historically hark back in some form or another to crosses like those originally noted in the flock of William Large of the early 19th century in England. By 1831, this breed had been introduced to the United States by Christopher Dunn of near Albany, New York. They are raised for both meat and wool production. Cotswold lambs are very hardy once dried off after birth. 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Florentine merchants traveled to England and bought large quantities of the shiny, linen-like wool for this purpose, at least as far back as the 13th Century. The most commonly agreed explanation is that the name is derived from ‘cot’, meaning ‘sheep enclosure’ and ‘wold’, meaning ‘hill’, resulting in ‘sheep enclosure in rolling hillsides’ – after all, the area is famed for wool production since the Middle Ages. It is known to be of great antiquity in its original form, being kept on the Cotswold villa estates by the Romans.