Rule-based thinking. Ethical Theories Definition: The Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the principles of morality and the well-defined standards of right and wrong that prescribe the human character and conduct in terms of obligations, rights, rules, benefit to society, fairness, etc. Decision-making tools 4 classic theories of ethics that can help you make moral decisions in journalism. 1. Ethical theories Two types of ethical theories (i) Teleological theories Value based theories = An act is morally right if it promotes the good or what has value. Chapter 6 4Classic Theories Of Ethics ByFlickruserVCalsidyrose 2. Throughout history, a few moral theories have surfaced and have been analyzed for their strengths and weaknesses. ships among sentient beings. Most philosophies adopt characteristics from multiple branches, integrating the positions into a hopefully logical ethical theory. One cannot study special issues in ethics without some knowledge of the basic ways in which ethical theorists have A moral theory often shapes a person’s attitude toward others, belief system and life choices. As direct control over tools becomes further removed, creators of autonomous systems must ask themselves how cultural and ethical presumptions bias artificially intelligent creations. is a platform for academics to share research papers. Each moral theory holds a specific approach in how to handle life’s decisions. 4. Ethical Theory: an Overview Introduction: 1. 3. The Golden Rule. In part two, a current information technology issue is reviewed, a position clearly stated, and then that position defended using ethical theory. Ends-based thinking. Ethics or morality (and we’ll use these terms interchangeably) is the broader arena in which any special set of ethical problems is found. Ethics is an active process rather than a static condition, so some ethicists use the expression doing ethics. 4. ethical theory is selected and the details of the theory discussed. Modern and Classical Ethical Theories. Aristotle’s Golden Mean. ... A careful and rational analysis of various ethical theories is essential to making the proper choices in life. 2. By Flickr user AJ Cann 3. Ethical determinations are applied through the use of formal theories, approaches, and codes of conduct, such as codes that are devel-oped for professions and religions. (a) Consequentialism (and utilitarianism) Whether an act is morally right depends solely on consequences or the goodness of consequences. The 4 Theories 1. When people are doing (b) Virtue ethics The research project contains the relative concepts and ideas of ethical theory, the supported research, and a personal perspective. 1. classical ethics theories and the disciplines of machine ethics, information ethics, and technology ethics.

classical ethical theories pdf

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