17, 35, 36, 114. Outside the capitol, Apollodorus built bridges across the Danube and the Tagus in Spain and designed the triumphal arches of Trajan at Benevento and Ancona. This statue was replaced in 1587 by the present bronze figure of St Peter, made by Bastiano Torrigiano (d.1596). Like a photograph, they record the moment the cast was taken: alterations, repairs and the wear and tear of age are all reproduced in the copies. Once the Architectural Courts (now the Cast Courts) were built in 1873, they could all be shown on the two tall brick cores to be seen there today. In antiquity, placed as it was between the two libraries of the Forum, the reliefs could be studied at close quarters up to a certain height, the whole sculpted surface picked out in colour and enriched with metal accessories. Private Research Apollodorus (Apollodorus of Damascus) (sculptor), Cast Courts, The Ruddock Family Cast Court, Room 46A, case FS, shelf C. The Cast Courts are dominated by this massive reproduction of Trajan’s Column in two parts. The cast of Trajan's Column at the V&A inspires awe and wonder amongst visitors to the Cast Courts, and is much studied by students of classical archaeology and art history. We do not know exactly when Apollodorus of Damascus lived, but many observers think he lived from AD 60 to AD 130. Plaster cast of Trajan's Column which is displayed in two sections due to its height. ed. The Man Scraping Himself (Apoxyomenos), Roman copy after the original bronze of ca. The initial mould could be made from one of several ways. Object history note. 330 BCE, The Departure of the Volunteers of 1792 (La Marseillaise), 1833-1836, Late Roman, Asia Minor, early Christian, 3rd century. Apollodorus is also often credited as the designer of the Pantheon, and he is known to have written several technical treatises, none of which survive. Apollodorus was Trajan's favored architect and engineer. Making plaster copies is a centuries-old tradition that reached the height of its popularity during the 19th century. Probably Rome, Italy Hermes with infant Dionysos on his arm, ca. All Rights Reserved. Please let us know how you intend to use the images you will be downloading. Personal use, Search 1,238,340 objects and 862,915 images, We use cookies to enhance your experience on V&A websites. Cast of Trajan's ashes were buried in a chamber at the base of the column, and it was once surmounted by a colossal bronze statue of the Emperor (lost in the Middle Ages). Apollodorus was banished from Rome by the emperor Hadrian, possibly due to a disagreement over a temple design, and executed around the year 130. The Museum commissioned casts directly from makers and acquired others in exchange. Painted plaster Height: 523.5 cm, Diameter: 422.5 cm base. Once the object has been cast from this mother-mould, the piece-moulds can be easily removed one by one, to create a cast of the three-dimensional object. Thames & Hudson, V&A, 2019. pp34-35. In the early 1860s, Napoleon III ordered a mould to be made of the column. 312 162-163, pl. Rome, Italy [21/06/2018] 590–580 B.C. These were once displayed at the Louvre, and now survive in parts at the Château of St Germain en Laye, just outside Paris. Height: 523.5 cm, Diameter: 422.5 cm base. When mixed with water, plaster can be poured into a prepared mould, allowed to set, and can be removed to produce a finished solid form. A flexible mould could be made by mixing wax with gutta-percha, a rubbery latex product taken from tropical trees. Repro.1864-128. Copy of Trajan's Column made in plaster about 1864 probably in Rome, Italy and purchased from M. Oudry in 1864 for £301 15s 2d. He designed and oversaw the construction of the Forum, Markets, and Temple, and Column of Trajan (the first monument of its kind), and the Stadium of Domitian within the city of Rome. So in 1873, the Museum built the Architectural Courts to house its growing collection of monumental copies. The inscription at the base of the column is also of great importance. A metal copy, or electrotype, was made in pieces from this mould, and then sets of plaster cast copies were produced from the electrotype. He was an architect, who worked for the Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117) and his successor Hadrian (117-138). Flatter, smaller objects in low relief usually require only one mould to cast the object. The Cast Courts. This is partly because the figurative forms and lettering can be seen more clearly here than those on the weathered original in Rome. Dimensions. 350-325 B.c., 1st century A.D. Vatican Museums, Museo Pio Clementino, Rome, Photo: Allan T. Kohl / Art Images for College Teaching (AICT). The original was perhaps made by Apollodorus of Damascus in 106-113 AD in Rome, Italy. A metal copy, or electrotype, was made in pieces from this mould, and then sets of plaster cast copies were produced from the electrotype. Its form is a hollow shaft built of 29 blocks of Carrara marble, 3.83 metres in diameter at the base, rising to a height of 38 metres, including the square plinth upon which it stands, and the capital that surmounts it. The plasters can also be re-worked, so that their appearance differs slightly from the original from which they were taken. Book The height of the Courts was determined by Trajan’s Column, but even then they could only be built high enough to display the column in two sections, assembled around inner brick chimneys. Rebecca Knott, 'Trajan's Column' in Angus Patterson and Marjorie Trusted ed. An internal spiral staircase of 185 steps, lit by narrow windows, gives access to the platform above. A prolific engineer and architect who worked primarily for the Roman emperor Trajan, Apollodorus of Damascus is credited with having designed most of the imperial buildings constructed during his reign, including baths, a forum, a bridge over the Danube, and the famous Trajan’s Column (completed 113). Separate plaster panels are to be found in other collections elsewhere. Rebecca Knott, ' Roman Capitals: Cast of Trajan's Column' in 'Calligraphy and Lettering: A Maker's Guide'. The sequence of plaster cast reliefs showing Emperor Trajan's Dacian campaigns are mounted on two gigantic brick columns. The column took seven years to complete and has stood in Rome ever since, surviving for nearly 2000 years. Low-relief carvings that decorate the marble column depict the emperor’s campaigns, and a chamber in the pedestal served as Trajan’s tomb. The Making of Sculpture: the Materials and Techniques of European Sculpture. Each plaster section was individually numbered, so that the columns could be assembled like an enormous jigsaw puzzle, reflecting the sequence of the marble original. Marble statue of a kouros (youth), ca. When first acquired by South Kensington in the 1860s the cast reliefs could not be accommodated on high columns, and were shown mounted on smaller structures in the Museum. Trajan's Column in Rome was erected to commemorate the two successful campaigns of the Emperor Trajan against the Dacians along the Danube frontier in AD 101-2 and 105-6. The calligraphy has long been acclaimed, and is emulated even today, inspiring modern typefaces. The column, which was built in the Roman Doric order and measures 125 feet, was the first triumphal monument of its kind. These are the galleries in which you are standing today. Oronzio Lelli, of Florence was a key overseas supplier while, in London, Giovanni Franchi and Domenico Brucciani upheld a strong Italian tradition as highly-skilled mould-makers, or formatori. This massive reproduction of Trajan's Column in Rome was produced in Paris in the mid-19th century. As an imperial architect, he designed many monuments and buildings. -- The moulds are coated with a separating or paring agent to prevent the newly poured plaster sticking to them. The Roman Emperor Trajan commissioned the original monumental structure to commemorate his conquest of Dacia, now Romania. To make a plaster cast, a negative mould has to be taken of the original object. Perhaps the most famous of them is Trajan's Column in Rome. Some casts are highly accurate depictions of original works, whilst others are more selective, replicating the outer surface of the original work, rather than its whole structure. Napoleon III ordered a mould to be made of the column. The monument at the V&A is a tremendous feat of both 19th-century engineering and casting in plaster. Another set of plaster copies is in Rome at the Museum of Roman Civilisation, and a third at the National Museum of Romanian History, Bucharest. These two substances formed a mould that had a slightly elastic quality, so that it could easily be removed from the original object. Cormier, Brendan and Thom, Danielle, eds. The column, which was built in the Roman Doric order and measures 125 feet, was the first triumphal … Trusted, Majorie. The continuous frieze in low relief depicting the history of Trajan's campaigns winds up and around the column for a total length of over 200 metres, depicting over 2500 individual figures. Read our, Cast Courts, The Ruddock Family Cast Court, Room 46A, Copyright: © Victoria and Albert Museum, London 2017.

apollodorus of damascus and trajan's column

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